Tổng hợp các dạng đảo ngữ
Câu đảo ngữ là dạng câu đem động từ (hoặc trợ động từ) ra trước chủ từ hoặc đảo ngữ
- Đảo ngữ với NO và NOT
No + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)
Not any + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)
EX: No money shall I lend you from now on.
(= Not any money shall I lend you from now on.)
- Đảo ngữ với các trạng từ phủ định: Never, Rarely, Seldom, Little, Hardly ever…..
Never/ Rarely / Seldom /Little/ Hardly ever + Auxiliary + S + V
Never in Mid-summer does it snow.
Hardly ever does he speak in the public.
- Đảo ngữ với ONLY
Only in this way
Only in that way
Only then + Auxiliary + S + V
Only after + N
Only by V_ing/ N
Only when + clause
Only with + N
Only if+ clause
Only in adv of time/ place
EX: Only once did I meet her.
Only after all guests had gone home could we relax.
Only when I understand her did I like her.
Only by practising English every day can you speak it fluently.
- Đảo ngữ với các cụm từ có No
At no time
On no condition
On no account + Auxiliary + S + N
Under/ in no circumstances
For no reason
In no way
EX: For no reason shall you play truant.
The money is not to be paid under any circumstances.
(= Under no circumsstances is the money tobe paid.)
On no condition shall we accept their proposal.
- No sooner………. than…..
Hardly/ Bearly/ Scarely…….. When/ before
EX: No sooner had I arrived home than the telephone rang.
Hardly had she put up her umbrella before the rain becam down in torrents.
- Đảo ngữ với Not only……. but……also…
Not only + Auxiliary + S + V but…. also……….
Not only is he good at English but he also draws very well.
Not only does he sing well but he also plays musical instruments perfectly.
- Đảo ngữ với SO
So + Adj/ Adv + Auxiliary + S + V + that-clause (mệnh đề danh từ)
So dark is it that I can’t write.
So busy am I that I don’t have time to look after myself.
So difficult was the exam that few student pass it.
So attractive is she that many boys run after her.
- So + adjective + be + N + clause
So intelligent is that she can answer all questions in the interview.
- Đảo ngữ với until/ till + clause/ Adv of time + Auxiliary + S + V
EX: I won’t come home till 10 o’clock.
(=Not until/ till o’clock that I will come home.)
(= It is not until 10 o’clock that I will come home.)
I didn’t know that I had lost my key till I got home.
(= Not until/ till I got home did I know that I had lost my key.)
- Đảo ngữ với No where + Aux (Trợ động từ) + S + V
No where in the Vietnam is the scenery as beautiful as that in my country.
No where do I feel as comfortable as I do at home.
No where can you buy the goods as good as those in my country.
- Đảo ngữ với câu điều kiện
- Câu điều kiện loại 1: If-clause = Should +S + V…
Should she come late, she will miss the train.
Should he lend me some money, I will buy that house.
- Câu điều kiện loại 2: If-clause = Were S + to-V/ Were + S…
If I were you, I would work harder = Were I you, I……..
If I knew her, I would invite her to the party = Were I to know her, I……..
- Câu điều kiện loại 3 : If-clause = Had + S + V3
If my parents had encouraged me, I would have passed exam.
(= Had my parents encouraged me, I………..)